عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of the sport participation in explaining the relationship between the uses of communication tools of information technology (Mobile Phone, Internet, Instagram, Telegram) by reducing the depression of adolescents in the Maku Free Zone. The population of the study was selected in simple random way and 265 teenagers were selected from among those who were doing exercise three sessions per week. This study was a solidarity descriptive survey. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The validity (content, convergence, divergence) and reliability (factor loadings, reliability of supplies and alpha coefficient) questionnaires were well within acceptable limits (α= %94). Relations between variables were found by using AMOS20 structural equation modeling and were analyzed by using ordinary regression weights and were standardized by the maximum likelihood estimation method. The results showed that information and communication tools (Internet, Mobile and Virtual Networks) cause depression in teenagers, and sports participation as a mediator variable can reduce the negative impact of information and communication technology tools on teenagers’ depression. Therefore, the use of Internet, mobile and virtual networks causes loss of face to face communication because of the creation of false appeal to users and causes people to be introspective. Therefore, people will stay away from direct communication, and finally this will result in depression and loneliness.v
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