نقش میانجی‌گری مشارکت ورزشی در تبیین ارتباط بین میزان استفاده از ابزارهای ارتباطی فناوری اطلاعات با کاهش افسردگی نوجوانان

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز (نویسنده مسئول)؛ sajjad.pashaie@yahoo.com

2 کارشناس ارشد، مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه

3 استادیار، عضو هیئت‌علمی، دانشگاه تبریز.

چکیده

 
مطالعه حاضر با هدف، بررسی نقش میانجی­گری مشارکت ورزشی در تبیین ارتباط بین میزان استفاده از ابزارهای ارتباطی فناوری اطلاعات (تلفن همراه، اینترنت، اینستاگرام و تلگرام) با کاهش افسردگی نوجوانان منطقه آزاد ماکو، انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش به‌صورت تصادفی ساده و به تعداد 265 نفر از بین نوجوانان منطقه آزاد ماکو که حداقل سه جلسه در هفته ورزش می‌کردند، انتخاب شد. پژوهش حاضر توصیفی، پیمایشی از نوع همبستگی است. جهت جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسش­نامه­ استفاده شد. روایی(محتوی، همگری، واگرا) و پایایی(بار عاملی، ضریب پایایی مرکب و ضریب آلفای کرونباخ) پرسش­نامه­ها در حد قابل‌قبول و خوب بودند(α= %94). روابط میان متغیرها با به‌کارگیری مدل­سازی معادله ساختاری ایموس و با استفاده وزن­های رگرسیونی عادی و استاندارد شده به روش برآورد حداکثر درستنمایی تحلیل شد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد، ابزارهای اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی(اینترنت، موبایل و شبکه­های مجازی) باعث افسردگی نوجوانان می­شود همچنین مشارکت ورزشی می­تواند به‌عنوان متغیر میانجی اثر منفی ابزارهای اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی بر افسردگی نوجوانان را کاهش دهد؛ بنابراین استفاده از اینترنت، موبایل و شبکه­های مجازی به دلیل جذابیت­های کاذبی که برای کاربران ایجاد می­کند، سبب از بین رفتن ارتباطات رو در رو شده و باعث درون‌گرا شدن افراد می­شود به‌این‌ترتیب افراد کم­کم از ارتباطات مستقیم دوری می‌کنند، درنهایت عامل افسردگی و تنهایی آن­ها می‌شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Mediating Role of the Sport Participation in Explaining the Relationship between the use of Communication Tools of the Information Technology by reducing the Depression of Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajjad Pashaie 1
  • Parisa Mahmodpour 2
  • Mohammad rasol Khodadadi 3
1 PhD. Student, University of Tabriz.(Corresponding Author) Emil: sajjad.pashaie @yahoo.com
2 MSc Student, Sport Management University of Urmia
3 Associate Professor, University of Tabriz.
چکیده [English]

vv
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of the sport participation in explaining the relationship between the uses of communication tools of information technology (Mobile Phone, Internet, Instagram, Telegram) by reducing the depression of adolescents in the Maku Free Zone. The population of the study was selected in simple random way and 265 teenagers were selected from among those who were doing exercise three sessions per week. This study was a solidarity descriptive survey. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The validity (content, convergence, divergence) and reliability (factor loadings, reliability of supplies and alpha coefficient) questionnaires were well within acceptable limits (α= %94). Relations between variables were found by using AMOS20 structural equation modeling and were analyzed by using ordinary regression weights and were standardized by the maximum likelihood estimation method. The results showed that information and communication tools (Internet, Mobile and Virtual Networks) cause depression in teenagers, and sports participation as a mediator variable can reduce the negative impact of information and communication technology tools on teenagers’ depression. Therefore, the use of Internet, mobile and virtual networks causes loss of face to face communication because of the creation of false appeal to users and causes people to be introspective. Therefore, people will stay away from direct communication, and finally this will result in depression and loneliness.v

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internet
  • Instagram
  • Depression
  • Mobile
  • Telegram
  • Maku Free Zone
 

Abdoli, Behruz. (2007). "Psycho-social foundations of physical education and sport". Tehran, Bamdad published, the second edition, 22.

Al Falahi K, Atif Y, Elnaffar S. (2010). International conference on green computing and communications. Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Cyber, Physical and Social Computing (CPSCom 2010); 2010 Oct.30-Nov 1; Hangzhou, China; 2010. [In Presian].

Anvalkhany, Amin. (2012). "Sports and Society": Translation of HR sheikh. The publisher, Page 11. [In Presian].

Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Vinitzky, G. (2010). Social network use and personality. Computers in human behavior, 26(6), 1289-1295.

Bianchi, A., & Phillips, J. G. (2005). Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 8(1), 39-51.

Biggs, S. (2000). Global village or urban jungle: Culture, self-construal, and the Internet. Proceedings of the Media Ecology Association, Volume 1.

Booth ML. Owen N, Bauman A. Clavisi O, Leslie E. (2000). “Social – cognitive and perceived environment influences associated with physical activity in older Australians”. Prev Med: 31 (1): PP: 15-22.

Bell ،David،(2001),An introduction to cyberculturse ،USA ،Routledge.

Beranuy, M., Oberst, U., Carbonell, X., & Chamarro, A. (2009). Problematic Internet and mobile phone use and clinical symptoms in college students: The role of emotional intelligence. Computers in human behavior, 25(5), 1182-1187.

Branston Gill and Straford Roy ، )2001( ،The media student’s book ،London ،Routledg.

Çağan, Ö., Ünsal, A., & Çelik, N. (2014). Evaluation of College Students’ the Level of Addiction to Cellular Phone and Investigation on the Relationsship between the Addiction and the Level of Depression. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 831-839.

Chen, Y. F., & Katz, J. E. (2009). Extending family to school life: College students’ use of the mobile phone. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 67(2), 179-191.

Chau, Josephine (2007). “Physical activity and building stronger communities”. NSW center for Physical Activity and Health. Report No CPAH07- 001.

Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika. 16 (3). 297–334.

Dixit, S., Shukla, H., Bhagwat, A. K., Bindal, A., Goyal, A., Zaidi, A. K., & Shrivastava, A. (2010). A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 35(2), 339.

Ehrenberg, A., Juckes, S., White, K. M., & Walsh, S. P. (2008). Personality and self-esteem as predictors of young people's technology use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 739-741.

Giddens A. Modernity and self identity. Tran S. Movaffaghian N. Tehran: Ney, 2008.

Gefen, D. D., Straub, A. (2005). Practical guide to factorial validity using PLS-Graph: Tutorial and annotated example. Communications of the AIS. 16. 91–109.

Holmes David ، 2001 ،Communication theory ،media ،technology and society ،London ،Thousands oaks ،Sage publications.

Kamibeppu, K., & Sugiura, H. (2005). Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 8(2), 121-130.

Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukophadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American psychologist, 53(9), 1017.

Kraut R, Patterson M, Lundmark V, Kiesler S, Mukopadhyay T, Scherlis W. Internet paradox. A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? Am Psychol 1998; 53(9): 1017-31.

Lindstrom, J., Moberg A. & Rapp B. (1997). On the classification of telework. European Journal of Information Systems 6, pp. 243–255.

Martin M, Schumacher P. Incidence and Correlation of Pathological Internet Use in College Students. Proceedings of the annual convention of the American Psychological Association; 1996 Aug 8-12; Chicago, IL; 1996. 2012.

Namazizadeh, Mahdi, Salahshor, Bahman. (1994). "Physical education", the Samt publisher, Fourth Edition, pp. 91-11. [In Presian].

Pachucki, M. C., Ozer, E. J., Barrat, A., & Cattuto, C. (2014). Mental health and social networks in early adolescence: A dynamic study of objectively-measured social interaction behaviors. Social Science & Medicine

Parks MR, Floyd K. Making Friends in Cyberspace. Journal of Communication 1996; 46(1): 80-97.

Ramazaninazad, Rahim. (2010). "Principles of Physical Education and Sports". Book Bamdad Publications, pp: 149-145. [In Presian].

Sanders CE, Field TM, Diego M, Kaplan M. The relationship of Internet use to depression and social isolation among adolescents. Adolescence 2000; 35(138): 237-42.

Tandoc, E. C., Ferrucci, P., & Duffy, M. (2015). Facebook use, envy, and depression among college students: Is facebooking depressing? Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 139-146.

Zainudin Awang, Asyraf Afthanorhan & M.A.M. Asr (2015). Parametric and Non Parametric Approach in Structural Equation Modeling (SEM): The Application of Bootstrapping. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education, Modern Applied Science; Vol. 9, No. 9; 2015.